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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2010| July-August  | Volume 2 | Issue 4  
    Online since July 18, 2017

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Causes and pattern of tooth mortality among adult patients in a Teaching Dental Hospital
Sam Thomas, Summer Eyad Al-Maqdassy
July-August 2010, 2(4):160-167
Aim: This study aims to determine the causes and pattern of tooth mortality among adult patients visiting the dental clinics of Ajman University of Science and Technology (AUST), Faculty of Dentistry, UAE, and compare results with other international studies. The study was also aiming to determine the future preventive measures. Materials & method: Retrospective study design, 1000 files of the adult patients from September 2006 till April 2007 have been selected randomly. Results: Out of 519 patients undergone extraction, 1301 teeth were extracted for different reasons. The results of the study show that the major reason for extraction was caries (40.96%) followed by periodontitis (33.7%), 21.1% for the endo-perio lesions. Patients were commonly from the twenties age group (28.1%). Male patients were generally more than female patients except in the age group 12-30. Minitab 15 was used to statistically analyze the data. Conclusions: Caries was the main reason for tooth loss in AUST dental clinics among all patients, upper molars were the teeth most commonly extracted and the twenties age group was the commonest age group came for extraction.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF] [CITATIONS]
  2 936 128
Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases among school teachers in Benghazi, Libya
Azza SH Greiw, Zahira Gad, Ahmed Mandil, Mervat Wagdi, Ali Elneihoum
July-August 2010, 2(4):168-177
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are considered major health and economic burdens throughout the world. This study was conducted to estimate the magnitude of three major CVD (hypertension, ischemic heart diseases (IHD) and stroke), their risk factors, prevention and, control plan. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used at different schools in Benghazi, Libya. A sample of 1200 teachers was randomly selected. Three formats were used for data collection. These included a self-administered questionnaire, a standardized Rose CVD interview questionnaire, as well as a special form for collecting data on the following: anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, clinical examination, as well as results of laboratory findings, and ECG tracings. Results: The prevalence of hypertension and IHD were 15.1% and 2.7% respectively while no cases of stroke could be detected in the study-sample. The selected CVD were found to be independently predicted by age, gender, family history of hypertension, BMI, smoking index, fasting blood sugar level, and HDL (CI 95%). Conclusion: Risk factors for hypertension & IHD among schoolteachers in Benghazi, Libya included age, BMI, fasting blood sugar, gender, smoking index, HDL, & family history of hypertension. There is thus an urgent need for intensive health education interventions for this group. There is also a need to initiate an implementation of a national program for CVD risk factors assessment, as well as promotion of an overall healthy lifestyle for school teachers through the use of health education which should be directed to smoking health related problems.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 952 162
Antibiogram and plasmid profile of some multi-antibiotics resistant urinopathogens obtained from local communities of southeastern Nigeria
Charles Okechukwu Esimone, Chukwuemeka Sylvester Nworu, Gugu Thaddeus Harrison
July-August 2010, 2(4):152-159
Multi-antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria represent a global medical challenge, having reduced or threatened to completely eliminate the list of reserved, last-resort agents usually deployed in serious and/or life-threatening infections. Even newer and very potent antibiotics are not spared from the emergence of resistant strains of organisms. In this study, the antibiotic resistance profile and the plasmid profile of some multi-antibiotic resistant bacteria strains isolated from the urine samples of fifty volunteers (ages 15-30) from a community in south eastern Nigeria were analyzed. Eight multidrug-resistant bacteria were isolated from the 50 urine samples, of which approximately 60% showed resistance to nitrofurantion, amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, ampicillin, gentamicin, ampiclox and erythromycin. The MIC of the isolated S. aureus, E. coli, and Klebsiella species to ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, pefloxacin, and co-trimoxazole were greater than 500 μg/ml. Plasmid profile studies revealed the presence of R-plasmids of size range 11-18 kb. The cultures of resistant isolates irreversibly lost their antibiotic resistance with acridine orange and SDS treatment, which suggests that the resistant genes could be harboured in the plasmids.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Urinary bladder pheochromocytoma: A good lesson
S Sallami, S Ben Rhouma, A Horchani
July-August 2010, 2(4):178-182
We report a case of urinary bladder pheochromocytoma in a normotensive 45-year-old female with lower urinary tract symptoms who presented with headache and palpitations after voiding. A bladder tumor was found on radiological imaging and cystoscopy. A pheochromocytoma was suspected by clinical presentation and cystoscopy and confirmed by histopathology examination following the removal of the mass. The clinical symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of bladder pheochromocytomas are reviewed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 866 87
The ECG quiz: “Painless!”
Fathi I Ali
July-August 2010, 2(4):184-186
Full text not available  [PDF]
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Towards reforming health care services in developing countries: Taking Libya as an example
Elmahdi A Elkhammas, Neeraj Singh
July-August 2010, 2(4):149-151
Full text not available  [PDF]
  - 617 111