Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 165--168

Characteristics of diabetic foot disease and risk factors in Benghazi, Libya


Najat Buzaid, Fatma Nagem 
 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Benghazi and Benghazi Medical Center, Benghazi, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Najat Buzaid
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Benghazi and Benghazi Medical Center, Benghazi
Libya

Introduction: Diabetic foot ulcer and amputation are associated with an increased incidence of morbidity and mortality. Diabetic foot ulcer can be prevented by screening for risk factors and proper interventions. Objectives: We aimed to determine the risk of diabetic foot ulcer and amputation among patients with type 2 diabetes at Benghazi Medical Center diabetic clinic. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study of diabetic foot status and risk factors in diabetic patients attending a specialist diabetes clinic in Benghazi, Libya. Results: Eighty-seven (84.5%) patients wear inappropriate shoes, 37 (35.9%) had Tinea pedis, 26 (25.2%) had foot deformity, 13 (12.6%) patients had bilateral hallux valgus deformity, 8 (7.8%) patients had clawing of feet, 2 (1.9%) patients had Charcot joint, and one patient (0.97%) had amputated toes. Dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial arteries pulsations were not palpable in six (5.8%) patients, there was a loss of protective sensation among 20 (19.4%) patients, vibration sense was absent in 15 (14.6%) patients, and joint position sense was lost in five (4.9%) patients. According to Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network system, 59 (57.3%) patients were in the low-risk category, 18 (17.5%) were in the moderate-risk, 22 (21.4%) were in the high-risk, and 4 (3.9%) were in the active disease categories. Conclusions: We conclude that the prevalence of diabetic foot risk factors is high among the studied group.


How to cite this article:
Buzaid N, Nagem F. Characteristics of diabetic foot disease and risk factors in Benghazi, Libya.Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2018;10:165-168


How to cite this URL:
Buzaid N, Nagem F. Characteristics of diabetic foot disease and risk factors in Benghazi, Libya. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2021 Jun 18 ];10:165-168
Available from: http://www.ijmbs.org/article.asp?issn=1947-489X;year=2018;volume=10;issue=5;spage=165;epage=168;aulast=Buzaid;type=0