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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 161-172

Common complications of hemodialysis: A clinical review


1 Department of Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
2 Nephrology Department, Tripoli Pediatric Hospital, Tripoli, Libya
3 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar
4 Department of Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation; Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar
5 Department of Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation; Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Qatar University; Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Abdel-Naser Y Elzouki
Department of Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, College of Medicine, Qatar University, P.O.Box 3050, Doha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmbs.ijmbs_62_21

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Long-term hemodialysis (HD) is the main modality used in the treatment of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It is associated with a variety of complications such as infection, amyloidosis, anemia, undernutrition, as well as musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular system (CVS) morbidities. CVS complications and HD-related infection are the main causes of death in ESRD patients on HD. Other complications such as stroke, disequilibrium syndrome occur during or post-HD. Missing dialysis sessions may lead to amongst others; death due to sudden cardiac arrhythmias; cardiac arrest due to electrolyte disturbance and/or severe overload. This review discusses the common complications of HD as well as recent advances that are likely to impact its outcome.


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