• Users Online: 643
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Contacts Login 


 
 Table of Contents  
VIEWPOINT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 51-53

Adoption of a design-based research approach to improve understanding about complex educational problems


1 Medical Education Unit Coordinator and Member of the Institute Research Council; Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission16-Dec-2020
Date of Decision27-Mar-2021
Date of Acceptance04-Jun-2021
Date of Web Publication30-Jun-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Thiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District - 603108, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-489X.320337

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 


Over the past couple of decades, remarkable progress occurred in medical education research. However, most of the ongoing research did not seem to have added much to the existing literature. Thus, our understanding has not shown considerable improvement. An extensive search of all materials related to the topic was carried out in the PubMed search engine, and a total of six articles were selected based on the suitability with the current review objectives and analyzed. Design-based research targets complex educational problems in the real world, with an ultimate intention to enhance learning among the students and not justify the superiority of one teaching–learning method. In conclusion, the framework of design-based research plays a significant role in the better understanding and resolving of complex educational problems. Further, considering the encouraging results obtained in different educational problems, it is the need of the hour that all the educational researchers should adopt a design-based research approach for gaining an in-depth understanding of the local educational problems.

Keywords: Design-based research, evaluation, medical education


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Adoption of a design-based research approach to improve understanding about complex educational problems. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2021;13:51-3

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Adoption of a design-based research approach to improve understanding about complex educational problems. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Sep 20];13:51-3. Available from: http://www.ijmbs.org/text.asp?2021/13/2/51/320337




  Introduction Top


Over the last couple of decades, remarkable progress has been reported in the field of medical education research, as reflected by the rise in the number of dedicated medical education journals, articles targeting different aspects of medical education, formation of a different association of medical educationists, and organization of multiple conferences-cum-workshops focusing on research in medical education.[1] Nonetheless, most of the ongoing research did not seem to have added much to the existing literature. Thus, our understanding (viz. why a specific intervention has delivered results or not, identifying the predisposing factors or the wide range of factors influencing the occurrence of an outcome) has not shown considerable improvement.[1],[2]


  Methods Top


A search of all materials related to the topic was carried out in the PubMed search engine. Relevant research articles focusing on design-based research in medical education published from 2012 to 2019 were included in the review. A total of eight studies of similar objectives to the current study were identified initially, of which two studies were excluded due to the unavailability of the complete version of the articles. Overall, six articles were selected based on the suitability with the current review objectives and analyzed. Keywords used in the search include design-based research and medical education. The collected information is presented under the following subheadings: design-based research, applications of design-based research, potential limitations and suggested solutions, and implications for practice.

Design-based research

Design-based research targets complex educational problems in the real world (where learning routinely happens), with an ultimate intention to enhance learning among the students and not justify the superiority of one teaching–learning method.[3] These research activities follow a continuous cyclic process comprising design, evaluation, and redesigning. In the first stage of design, an in-depth analysis of the problem is done with the help of the involved stakeholders, and solutions are implemented to resolve the problem. The design is made based on the existing educational theories to produce a robust study design.[2],[3],[4]

In the next stage of evaluation, the impact of the interventions is evaluated, which gives a better understanding of the overall problem, and then redesigning is done to identify the best possible solution to the given educational problem.[3] This type of research employs a combination of methods. Both quantitative and qualitative methods are employed to gain deep insights into the wide range of interactions between different variables (such as faculty members, students, learning environment, learning resources, and teaching–learning methods). The specific method is ascertained based on the nature of the educational problem.[1],[2],[3]

Applications of design-based research

It is worth noting that design-based research has found application in different domains of medical education, such as the successful implementation of problem-based learning, facilitating learning through educating simulation facilitators, planning competency-based assessment of supervisors, and web-based initiatives.[4],[5],[6] These research activities are carried out by a range of experts, who communicate with each other regularly and work together to identify and disseminate the solution.[2],[3]

Potential limitations and suggested solutions

Although design-based research plays a defining role in advancing academic knowledge, we must acknowledge that the findings of such research have relevance in the local settings, and it is not easy to generalize the findings. This limitation can be relatively eliminated by conducting such studies across different learning environments.[3] There is a definite possibility that owing to the researcher's involvement in the stages of design and evaluation. The factual findings will be ignored. In other words, the researcher might have a prejudice that the proposed intervention will surely deliver results and thus will not criticize them. This issue can be a better deal by ensuring triangulation of the data sources and motivating researchers to practice reflexivity.[2],[3],[4]

Implications for practice

There is an immense need to promote design-based research in medical education to provide valuable insights to sort out the existing lacunae. It is encouraged to use a combination of methods, and based on the complementary findings, an evidence-based decision can be taken. The staff members can be oriented about the scope of the design-based research and how it can be employed in the teaching–learning setup. This will essentially require the involvement of the Medical Education Unit and the organization of training programs as a part of capacity building.


  Conclusions Top


The framework of design-based research plays a significant role in better understanding and resolving complex educational problems. Further, considering the encouraging results obtained in different educational problems, it is the need of the hour that all the educational researchers should adopt a design-based research approach for gaining an in-depth understanding of the local educational problems.

Authors contribution

SRS contributed in the conception or design of the work, drafting of the work, approval of the final version of the manuscript, and agreed for all aspects of the work.

PSS contributed in the literature review, revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content, approval of the final version of the manuscript, and agreed for all aspects of the work.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

Compliance with ethical principles

We have strictly adhered to ethical principles



 
  References Top

1.
van der Merwe B. Design-based research for the development of a flexible learning environment. Health SA 2019;24:1050.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Bikanga Ada M. Using design-based research to develop a mobile learning framework for assessment feedback. Res Pract Technol Enhanc Learn 2018;13:3.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Dolmans DH, Tigelaar D. Building bridges between theory and practice in medical education using a design-based research approach: AMEE Guide No. 60. Med Teach 2012;34:1-10.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Koivisto JM, Hannula L, Bøje RB, Prescott S, Bland A, Rekola L, et al. Design-based research in designing the model for educating simulation facilitators. Nurse Educ Pract 2018;29:206-11.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Dolmans DH. How theory and design-based research can mature PBL practice and research. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2019;24:879-91.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Bacon R, Williams LT, Grealish L, Jamieson M. Competency-based assessment for clinical supervisors: Design-based research on a web-delivered program. JMIR Res Protoc 2015;4:e26.  Back to cited text no. 6
    




 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Conclusions
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed734    
    Printed14    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded68    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


[TAG2]
[TAG3]
[TAG4]