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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 165-168

Characteristics of diabetic foot disease and risk factors in Benghazi, Libya

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Benghazi and Benghazi Medical Center, Benghazi, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Najat Buzaid
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Benghazi and Benghazi Medical Center, Benghazi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmbs.ijmbs_39_18

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Introduction: Diabetic foot ulcer and amputation are associated with an increased incidence of morbidity and mortality. Diabetic foot ulcer can be prevented by screening for risk factors and proper interventions. Objectives: We aimed to determine the risk of diabetic foot ulcer and amputation among patients with type 2 diabetes at Benghazi Medical Center diabetic clinic. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study of diabetic foot status and risk factors in diabetic patients attending a specialist diabetes clinic in Benghazi, Libya. Results: Eighty-seven (84.5%) patients wear inappropriate shoes, 37 (35.9%) had Tinea pedis, 26 (25.2%) had foot deformity, 13 (12.6%) patients had bilateral hallux valgus deformity, 8 (7.8%) patients had clawing of feet, 2 (1.9%) patients had Charcot joint, and one patient (0.97%) had amputated toes. Dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial arteries pulsations were not palpable in six (5.8%) patients, there was a loss of protective sensation among 20 (19.4%) patients, vibration sense was absent in 15 (14.6%) patients, and joint position sense was lost in five (4.9%) patients. According to Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network system, 59 (57.3%) patients were in the low-risk category, 18 (17.5%) were in the moderate-risk, 22 (21.4%) were in the high-risk, and 4 (3.9%) were in the active disease categories. Conclusions: We conclude that the prevalence of diabetic foot risk factors is high among the studied group.

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