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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 170-182

Extracellular matrix turnover, angiogenesis and endothelial function in acute lung injury: Relation to pulmonary dysfunction and outcome

1 Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
3 Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Hayam G Sayyed
Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-489X.210773

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Background: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a syndrome with a diagnostic criteria based on hypoxemia and a classical radiological appearance, with acute respiratory distress syndrome at the severe end of the disease. Occurrence of rupture of the basement membranes and interstitial matrix remodeling during ALI. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in tissue remodeling related with pathological conditions such as acute lung injury. We hypothesized the interrelationships between extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover as MMP-9 and indicator of angiogenesis such as angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) as well as plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF) and their correlation with arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), oxygen saturation (SaO2) and mortality in ALI/ARDS. Methods: Eighty eight mechanically ventilated patients (68 male, mean (SD) age 61 (10) years) were compared to 40 healthy controls (36 male, mean (SD) age 57 (10)). All biomarkers were measured by Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Oxygenation, body temperature, leucocytes, and platelet counts were noted. Results: Plasma levels of all biomarkers were significantly different, among ALI/ARDS subjects (p<0.001). They were inversely related to PaO2 and SaO2 and positively related to mortality. In addition, increased MMP-9, Ang-2 and vWF levels were interrelated on the first day of admission. Conclusions: The observed diversity in plasma levels of MMP-9, Ang-2 and vWF in ALI/ARDS patients revealed the activity and severity of the disease, shedding more light onto the pathogenesis and/or presentation of ARDS.

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