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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 84-89

The reporting of blood and body fluid exposure and follow-up practices in a tertiary care hospital in the United Arab Emirates

1 Occupational and Aviation Medicine, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
2 Community Medicine, Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Moazzam Ali Zaidi
Occupational and Aviation Medicine, University of Otago, Wellington
New Zealand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-489X.210761

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The study explored the reporting and follow-up practices after blood and body fluid exposures in a tertiary care hospital in the United Arab Emirates. The Occupational Health Clinic schedule was audited, and medical files of staff members visiting the Clinic to report an exposure during 2006 and 2007 were retrieved for a detailed review. The raw data were obtained and analyzed; the original files were used as a reference to recover any missing information. Results showed that 156 exposures were reported; of which 77.6% were needle stick injuries. These were most commonly caused by handling, passing, disposing of needles, or while manipulating the needle in the patient. Hospital Wards were the most common location from which exposures were reported (41%). Nurses reported 61% of the exposures, followed by physicians 24%, laboratory staff 9%, and others 6%. Blood analysis was performed for 63% of patients to whose blood staffs were exposed. Post exposure blood tests were performed on 91% of staff. Treatment and follow-up was traced for 6 months at which 42.3% of the staff did not complete the follow-up. The retrospective clinical audit showed that the reported exposures were not managed properly. Repeated preventable exposures were being reported which involved exposures related to recapping and disposal. We recommend a comprehensive blood and body fluid programme to improve the safety and quality of work at the hospital.

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